The Past

Archaeology and the ancient
history unearthed or deciphered
recovered from oblivion

Posts

Beyond Scandza: Rediscovering the Saxon World

When I started the “Roter Geysir” project a little over two years ago, my main focus was to bring archaeological finds and …

An Old Saxon Wodan image north of Bremen

Northwest of Bremen, where the river Hunte leads into the Weser, lies the town of Elsfleth (see map in fig. 1), which has been …

Early Thor's hammer pendants outside Scandinavia

The Thor’s hammer pendants of the Viking Age are probably the best known and most popular artefacts of prehistoric heathen …

Fimbulwinter and the Climate Catastrophe of the Migration Period

When the sun suddenly darkened over Europe in 536, the continent approached the end of an extremely violent and devastating epoch: the …

A Map of the Saxon Wars

The Saxon Wars were not only an extremely brutal, but also a rather complex chapter of North German history (more on this here). In …

Pagan Saxon Resistance to Charlemagne’s Mission

The Saxon Wars of the late 8th and early 9th century are among the most brutal and ruthless conflicts of the early Middle Ages. …

Yggdrasil and the Överhogdal Tapestries

The tapestries of Överhogdal are without doubt one of the most impressive finds of the late Viking period. Their unusually good …

Wodan and the Scandinavian Warlords

The dominant role of Wodan as the “Allfather” in Old Norse literature is a well-known fact or perhaps even common knowledge. …